DES Daughters are defined as women who were exposed to DES in utero. Research has confirmed that DES Daughters are at an increased risk for:
- Clear cell adenocarcinoma (CCA), a rare kind of vaginal and cervical cancer
- Increased risk for clear cell cancer appears to be highest for DES Daughters in their teens and early 20s. However, cases have been reported for DES Daughters in their 30s and 40s (Hatch, 1998).
- Reproductive tract structural differences (for example, T-shaped uterus)
- Pregnancy complications, such as ectopic (tubal) pregnancy and pre-term delivery
Links to more detailed information about identifying and managing cases of DES Daughters are provided below.
- Identification of DES Daughters — Key facts to help in assessing whether or not patients may have been exposed to DES.
- Health Risks and Related Concerns for DES Daughters — A summary of confirmed health risks and areas of ongoing research.
- Counseling DES Daughters — An outline of important points to emphasize when counseling DES-exposed patients.
- DES References: Research on DES Daughters — A collection of research related to DES Daughters.
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