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Disabilities and Limitations Table Information

Causes of Disability Among US Adults

Cause of disabilityNumber (in millions) among 47.5 million U.S. adults reporting a disability
Arthritis or rheumatism8.6
Back or spine problems7.6
Heart trouble3.0
Mental or emotional problem2.2
Lung or respiratory problem2.2
Diabetes2.0
Deafness or hearing problem1.9
Stiffness or deformity of limbs/extremities1.6
Blindness or vision problems1.5
Stroke1.1

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2004 Survey of Income and Program Participation, Wave 5, June-September 2005. as reported in: Hootman JM, Brault MW, Helmick CG, Theis KA, Armour BS. Prevalence and Most Common Causes of Disability Among Adults — United States, 2005. MMWR 2009;58(16):421-426. html; pdf [1.3Mb]

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Percent of Adults with Activity and Arthritis Attributable Work Limitations in 2002

Limitation typePercent of Adults with Doctor-Diagnosed ArthritisNumber of Adults with Doctor-Diagnosed Arthritis (in Millions)
Activity limitation42%21
Work limitation31%8

Data Source: 2002 National Health Interview Survey

  1. Hootman J, Bolen J, Helmick C, Langmaid G. Prevalence of doctor-diagnosed arthritis and arthritis-attributable activity limitation—United States, 2003-2005. MMWR [View the errata for this article here and here.] 2006;55(40):1089–1092. html; pdf [512k]

  2. Bolen J, Sniezek J, Theis K, Helmick CG, Hootman JM, Brady TJ et al. Racial/Ethnic differences in the prevalence and impact of doctor-diagnosed arthritis—United States, 2002. MMWR 2005;54(5):119–123. html; pdf [284K]

NOTE: Arthritis-Attributable Activity Limitation = responding "yes" to "Are you now limited in any way in any of your usual activities due to arthritis or joint symptoms"; Arthritis-Attributable Work Limitation = among working age population (18–64 years), responding "yes" to being limited in the type, amount, or whether they work due to arthritis.

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Prevalence of arthritis-attributable work limitation

Arthritis-Attributable work limitations affect at least 1 in 25 working-age adults in every state. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2009.
4.0-5.5%5.6-6.9%7.0-12.6%
New JerseyMarylandIndiana
ConnecticutRhode IslandMichigan
Dist.of ColArizonaNorth Carolina
HawaiiVirginiaPennsylvania
MassachusettsFloridaNew Mexico
CaliforniaIllinoisTennessee
Puerto RicoNebraskaMissouri
DelawareTexasOhio
ColoradoVermontSouth Carolina
IowaOregonArkansas
MinnesotaGeorgiaOklahoma
UtahNew YorkMississippi
New HampshireNorth DakotaWest Virginia
WisconsinAlaskaAlabama
KansasNevadaKentucky
South DakotaWashington
Idaho
Louisiana
Wyoming
Montana
Maine
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Proportion of arthritis-attributable work limitation

Arthritis-Attributable work limitations affect at least 1 in 4 working-age adults with arthritis in every state. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2009.
25.7-32.0%32.1-34.9%35.0-46.6%
DelawareHawaiiNevada
Rhode IslandMichiganGeorgia
Dist.of ColMissouriFlorida
New JerseyWisconsinArkansas
UtahIllinoisNew York
AlaskaOregonTennessee
MassachusettsKansasTexas
South DakotaMaineOhio
ConnecticutArizonaMontana
New HampshireNebraskaNorth Carolina
VermontWashingtonPuerto Rico
VirginiaWyomingIdaho
ColoradoMarylandSouth Carolina
North DakotaCaliforniaNew Mexico
LouisianaOklahoma
IndianaWest Virginia
PennsylvaniaMississippi
IowaAlabama
MinnesotaKentucky
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Arthritis-Attributable activity limitations

Arthritis-Attributable activity limitations affect at least 1 in 14 adults in every state. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2009.
7.3-10.3%10.4-11.4%11.5-16.7%
HawaiiGeorgiaIdaho
New JerseyNorth DakotaPennsylvania
MinnesotaFloridaLouisiana
CaliforniaTexasMaine
Dist.of ColMarylandMissouri
ConnecticutIllinoisNew Mexico
DelawareSouth DakotaWashington
Puerto RicoUtahIndiana
IowaNevadaMichigan
WisconsinNew YorkNorth Carolina
MassachusettsRhode IslandOhio
ColoradoMontanaAlaska
New HampshireOregonTennessee
ArizonaVermontSouth Carolina
KansasArkansas
NebraskaOklahoma
Virginia
Mississippi
Wyoming
Alabama

West Virginia
Kentucky

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Proportion of arthritis-attributable activity limitations

Arthritis-Attributable activity limitations affect at least 1 in 3 adults with arthritis in every state. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2009.
37.3-42.5%42.6-45.9%46.0-54.7%
HawaiiWisconsinSouth Carolina
WyomingMarylandCalifornia
MissouriConnecticutFlorida
North DakotaUtahSouth Dakota
IowaMichiganOregon
DelawareMaineArkansas
NebraskaMassachusettsWashington
VirginiaMinnesotaNew Mexico
IllinoisIndianaNorth Carolina
Rhode IslandMontanaAlabama
GeorgiaAlaskaMississippi
New HampshireOhioKentucky
Dist.of ColKansasWest Virginia
PennsylvaniaNevadaOklahoma
New JerseyLouisianaIdaho
ColoradoVermontTennessee
Texas
New York
Arizona

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Proportion of arthritis-attributable social participation restriction

Arthritis-Attributable social participation restriction affects at least 1 in 12 adults with arthritis in every state. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2009.
8.9-13.9%14.0-16.9%17.0-31.2%
AlaskaNevadaNew Hampshire
NebraskaIllinoisWisconsin
Dist.of ColMassachusettsNew York
VermontMichiganNorth Carolina
UtahMaineSouth Carolina
ColoradoVirginiaTexas
South DakotaOregonOhio
HawaiiMontanaArkansas
MinnesotaRhode IslandOklahoma
North DakotaNew JerseyLouisiana
MissouriWashingtonAlabama
WyomingGeorgiaKentucky
DelawarePennsylvaniaPuerto Rico
MarylandCaliforniaMississippi
KansasIowaWest Virginia
ArizonaConnecticutTennessee
Indiana
Idaho
New Mexico
Florida

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