Disabilities and Limitations Table Information
Figure 1. Top 10 Causes of Disability Among US Adults
The top 10 causes of disability among US adults, overall 47.5 million U.S. adults report a disability. The top 10 causes are: Arthritis or rheumatism=8.6 million; Back or spine problems=7.6 million; Heart trouble=3.0 million; Mental or emotional problem=2.2 million; Lung or respiratory problem=2.2 million; Diabetes=2.0 million; Deafness or hearing problem=1.9 million; Stiffness or deformity of limbs/extremities=1.6 million; Blindness or vision problems=1.5 million; Stroke= 1.1 million.
Figure 2. Projected Prevalence of Arthritis-Attributable Activity Limitation in US adults, 2005-2030, by age
Arthritis Prevalence is Projected to Grow.
Projected prevalence of arthritis-attributable activity limitation in U.S. adults, by age, for the year 2005: ages 18 to 44=2,813,000; ages 45 to 64= 7,983,000; ages 65 and older=6,618,000.
Projected prevalence of arthritis-attributable activity limitation in U.S. adults, by age, for the year 2010: ages 18-44=2,821,000; ages 45 to 64=8,874,000; ages 65 and older=7,214,000.
Projected prevalence of arthritis-attributable activity limitation in U.S. adults, by age, for the year 2015: ages 18 to 44=2,868,000; ages 45 to 64=9,132,000; ages 65 and older=8,331,000.
Projected prevalence of arthritis-attributable activity limitation in U.S. adults, by age, for the year 2020: ages 18 to 44=2,941,000; ages 45 to 64=9,026,000; ages 65 and older=9,726,000.
Projected prevalence of arthritis-attributable activity limitation in U.S. adults, by age, for the year 2025: ages 18 to 44=3,027,000; ages 45 to 64=8,744,000; ages 65 and older=11,327,000.
Projected prevalence of arthritis-attributable activity limitation in U.S. adults, by age, for the year 2030: ages 18 to 44=3,118,000; ages 45 to 64=8,660,000; ages 65 and older=12,710,000.
Figures 3a & 3b. Arthritis-Attributable Activity Limitation Among Adults with Arthritis, and Arthritis-Attributable Work Limitation Among Adults with Arthritis Aged 18-64 Years
43% of US adults with doctor-diagnosed arthritis report arthritis-attributable activity limitations.
23 million US adults with doctor-diagnosed arthritis report arthritis-attributable activity limitations.
31% of US adults with doctor-diagnosed arthritis report arthritis-attributable work limitations.
8 million US adults with doctor-diagnosed arthritis report arthritis-attributable work limitations.
Figures 3c & 3d. Arthritis-Attributable Volunteer Limitation Among Adults ≥45 years with Arthritis who Volunteer, ACHES 2005-2006 and Arthritis is the Main Barrier to Volunteering Among Adults ≥45 years with Arthritis who do not Volunteer, ACHES 2005-2006.
41% of US adults ≥45 years with doctor-diagnosed arthritis report arthritis-attributable volunteer limitations. That is 5 million people.
27% of US adults ≥45 years with doctor-diagnosed arthritis report that arthritis is a barrier to volunteering. That is 7 million people.
NOTE: Arthritis-Attributable Volunteer Limitation = responding "yes" to "Do arthritis or joint symptoms affect the amount or type of volunteer work you do?"; Arthritis is the Main Barrier to Volunteering = responding "yes" to "Is arthritis or joint symptoms the main reason you do not do volunteer work?"
Figure 4. Specific Functional Limitations Among Adults with Arthritis
Millions of adults with arthritis report limitations in specific functional activities. Functional limitation is defined as "very difficult" or "cannot do" for the following activities. Approximate number of adults with arthritis who report limitations in specific functional activities: grasp small objects= 3 million; reach above one's head= 4million; sit more than 2 hours= 5 million; lift or carry 10 pounds= 6 million; climb a flight of stairs= 8 million; push a heavy object= 9 million; walk a ¼ mile= 11 million; stand more than 2 hours= 14 million; stoop, bend, or kneel= 14 million.
Figure 9. Prevalence of Arthritis-Attributable Social Participation Restriction Among All Adults
Map of the United States, showing the prevalence of arthritis-attributable social participation restriction among adults with arthritis by state: Alabama (AL) 7.7 percent; Alaska (AK) 3.1 percent; Arizona (AZ) 4.4 percent; Arkansas (AR) 7.2 percent; California (CA) 3.3 percent; Colorado (CO) 2.7 percent; Connecticut (CT) 3.1 percent; Delaware (DE) 3.9 percent; District of Columbia (DC) 3.9 percent; Florida (FL) 4.6 percent; Georgia (GA) 5.1 percent; Hawaii (HI) 2 percent; Idaho (ID) 3.9 percent; Illinois (IL) 3.3 percent; Indiana (IN) 4.8 percent; Iowa (IA) 3.1 percent; Kansas (KS) 3.5 percent; Kentucky (KY) 7.2 percent; Louisiana (LA) 6 percent; Maine (ME) 4.4 percent; Maryland (MD) 3.6 percent; Massachusetts (MA) 3.4 percent; Michigan (MI) 5.3 percent; Minnesota (MN) 2.6 percent; Mississippi (MS) 7.8 percent; Missouri (MO) 5 percent; Montana (MT) 4.1 percent; Nebraska (NE) 2.8 percent; Nevada (NV) 3.7 percent; New Hampshire (NH) 3.4 percent; New Jersey (NJ) 3.2 percent; New Mexico (NM) 4.4 percent; New York (NY) 4 percent; North Carolina (NC) 5.5 percent; North Dakota (ND) 2.9 percent; Ohio (OH) 5.2 percent; Oklahoma (OK) 6.1 percent; Oregon (OR) 4.1 percent; Pennsylvania (PA) 4.5 percent; Rhode Island (RI) 3.6 percent; South Carolina (SC) 6.3 percent; South Dakota (SD) 2.7 percent; Tennessee (TN) 7.3 percent; Texas (TX) 4 percent; Utah (UT) 2.9 percent; Vermont (VT) 3.6 percent; Virginia (VA) 4.2 percent; Washington (WA) 3.7 percent; West Virginia (WV) 8 percent; Wisconsin (WI) 3.5 percent; Wyoming (WY) 3.3 percent.
Figure 11. Proportion of U.S. Adults with Arthritis who have Arthritis-Attributable Impacts, by Racial/Ethnic Group
Arthritis-attributable impacts vary by racial/ethnic group and are often higher in minorities. Percent of Arthritis-attributable activity limitations: white=36; Asian/Pacific Islander=38; American Indian/Alaska Native=39; Hispanic=43; Black=45; Multirace/Other=50. Percent of Arthritis-Attributable work limitations: white=29; Asian/Pacific Islander=28; American Indian/Alaska Native=38; Hispanic=40; Black=42; Multirace/Other=46.
Figure 12. Arthritis-Attributable Impacts Vary Across Hispanic Subgroups
Arthritis-attributable impacts vary by racial/ethnic group and are often higher in minorities. Percent of Arthritis-attributable activity limitations: Cuban/Cuban American=21; Dominican/Dominican American=22; Central/South American=32; Mexican=42; Mexican American=44; Other/Multiple Hispanic Subgroups=44; Puerto Rican=49. Percent of Arthritis-attributable work limitations: Cuban/Cuban American=39; Dominican/Dominican American=37; Central/South American=33; Mexican=39; Mexican American=42; Other/Multiple Hispanic Subgroups=35; Puerto Rican=39.